Atropa belladonna, commonly known as belladonna or deadly nightshade, is a poisonous perennial herbaceous plant in the nightshade family Solanaceae, which also includes tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (aubergine).
|fruit of Atropa belladonna L.|
|Leaves of Atropa belladonna|
- Belladonna herb, Belladonna leaf,
- Deadly night shade leaves,
- Banewort, Death’s herb, Dwale;
- Poison black cherry,
- Folia belladonnae,
- बेलाडोना, कंटालिका – Hindi
Belladonna is cultivated in United States, Canada, UK, Germany and India. Also in England and other Europian country.
- Leaves: Green to brownish-green
- Flowers: Purple to yellowish-brown
- Fruits: Green to brown
- Odour: Slight and characteristic
- Taste: Bitter and acrid
- Leaves: 5 to 25 cm long and 2.5 to 12 cm wide
- Flower: Corolla 2.5 cm long and 1.5 cm wide
- Fruits: About 10 cm in diameter.
- Leaves: Ovate, lanceolate to broadly ovate, with acuminate apex, decurrent lamina, entire margin, petiolate, brittle and transversely broken.
- Flower: Campanulate, 5, small reflexed lobes of corolla.
- Fruit: Berries, sub-globular in shape with numerous flat seeds.
- The drug is used as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of peptic ulcer; functional digestive disorders, including spastic, mucous and ulcerative colitis; diarrhoea, diverticulitis and pancreatitis.
- Due to anticholinergic property, it is used to control excess motor activity of the gastrointestinal tract and spasm of the urinary tract.
- Belladonna is anticholinergic, narcotic, sedative, diuretic mydriatic and used as anodyne and to check secretion. Other uses are similar to Hyoscyamus.
- It relieves spasm of gut or respiratory tract.
- Consumption of Belladonna checks excessive perspiration of patients suffering from tuberculosis. Belladonna acts as a parasympathetic depressant.